Henry Friedlander was born in Berlin in 1930, deported in 1941, entered the United States in 1947, and became a U.S. citizen in 1952. He received his B.A. (1953) in history from Temple University, his M.A. (1954) and Ph.D. (1968) in modern German history from the University of Pennsylvania with a dissertation on The German Revolution of 1918 (Univ. Microfilms 1968 and Garland Publ. 1992). He served on the project of the Committee for the Study of War Documents microfilming the captured German documents, taught history at the Louisiana State University in New Orleans, McMaster University in Canada, the University of Missouri in St. Louis, the City College of New York, and from 1975 until 2001 as professor of history in the department of Judaic studies at Brooklyn College of the City University of New York.
Since 1970 Professor Friedlander\'s research has focused on Nazi Germany and the Holocaust. He co-edited The Holocaust: Ideology, Bureaucracy, and Genocide (1980), the Simon Wiesenthal Center Annual (1984-1990), and the 26 volume documentary series Archives of the Holocaust (1988-93). He was also a co-author of Vol. 2 of Jewish Immigrants of the Nazi Period in the U.S.A. (1981), and a contributor to Genocide: Critical Issues of the Holocaust (1983).
Professor Friedlander also published numerous articles on various aspects of the Holocaust, including \"Publications on the Holocaust,\" in The German Church Struggle and the Holocaust, ed. Franklin Littell and Hubert Locke (1974); \"The Language of Nazi Totalitarianism,\" in Shoah (1978); \"Toward a Methodology of Teaching about the Holocaust,\" in Teachers College Record (1979); \"The Nazi Concentration Camps,\" in Human Responses to the Holocaust, ed. Michael Ryan (1981); \"The Deportation of the German Jews,\" in Leo Baeck Institute Yearbook (1984); \"Holocaust als Problem der politischen Bildung in den USA,\" in Lerntag des Zentrums für Antisemitismusforschung, ed. Wolfgang Scheffler and Werner Bergmann (1988); \"Das nationalsozialistische Euthanasieprogramm,\" in Geschichte und Verantwortung, ed. Aurelius Freytag, Boris Marte, and Thomas Stern (1988); \"Euthanasia and the Final Solution,\" in The Final Solution: Origins and Implementation, ed. David Cesarani (1994); \"The T4 Killers: Berlin, Lublin, San Sabba,\" in Die Normalität des Verbrechens, ed. Helge Grabitz (1994); \"Step by Step, The Expansion of Murder, 1939-1941,\" German Studies Review (1994); \"Darkness and Dawn in 1945: The Nazis, the Allies, and the Survivors,\" in 1945 ?? The Year of Liberation (U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, 1995); \"Die Entwicklung des NS-Konzentrationslagersystems,\" in Revue d\'Allemagne (1995); \"Registering the Handicapped in Nazi Germany: A Case Study,\" Jewish History (1997); \"Die Entwicklung der Mordtechnik: Von der \'Euthanasie\' zu den Vernichtungslagern der \'Endlösung,\'\" in Die nationalsozialistischen Konzentrationslager: Entwicklung und Struktur, ed. Ulrich Herbert, Karin Orth, and Christoph Dieckmann (1998); \"The Destruction of the Disabled, the Jews, and the Sinti and Roma,\" Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum, Pro Memoria 10 (1999); \"Motive, Formen und Konsequenzen der NS-Euthanasie,\" in NS-Euthanasie in Wien, ed. Eberhard Gabriel and Wolfgang Neugebauer (2000); \"Viktor Brack: Parteimann, SS-Mann und Mordmanager,\" in Die SS: Elite unter dem Totenkopf, ed. Ronald Smelser and Enrico Syring (2000); \"The Exclusion and Murder of the Disabled,\" in Social Outsiders in Nazi Germany, ed. Robert Gellately and Nathan Stoltzfus (2001); and \"Schoa,\" in Handbuch zur Geschichte der Juden in Europa, ed. Elke-Vera Kotowski, Julius H. Schoeps, and Hiltrud Wallenborn (2001).
Professor Friedlander\'s research has also focused on the legal implications of postwar trials, and this investigation has so far led to the publication of the following articles: \"The Judiciary and Nazi Crimes in Postwar Germany,\" in Simon Wiesenthal Center Annual (1984); \"Nazi Criminals in the United States: The Fedorenko Case,\" ibid. (1985); \"Nazi Criminals in the United States: Denaturalization after Fedorenko,\" ibid. (1986); \"The Extradition of Nazi Criminals: Ryan, Artukovic, Demjanjuk,\" ibid. (1987); \"The Trials of the Nazi Criminals: Law, Justice, and History,\" in Dimensions: A Journal of Holocaust Studies (1986); \"Responses to World War Two War Criminals and Human Rights Violators: National and Comparative Perspectives (West Germany, East Germany, and Austria),\" in Boston College Third World Law Journal (1988); \"Die Auswertung der Nachkriegsprozesse als Quelle für die Geschichte der deutschen Konzentrationslager,\" Revue d\'Allemagne (1995); \"Der deutsche Strafprozeß als historische Quelle,\" in Keine \"Abrechnung\": NS-Verbrechen, Justiz und Gesellschaft in Europa nach 1945, ed. Claudia Kuretsidis-Haier and Winfried R. Garscha (1998); and \"German Laws and German Crimes in the Nazi Era,\" in The Holocaust\'s Ghost: Writings on Art, Politics, Law and Education, ed. F.C. DeCoste and Bernard Schwartz (2000).
Professor Friedlander\'s recent major study, The Origins of Nazi Genocide: From Euthanasia to the Final Solution, was published by the University of North Carolina Press in 1995. It won the Bruno Brand Tolerance Book Award of the Simon Wiesenthal Center, 1996, and the DAAD Book Prize of the German Studies Association, 1997. It appeared in Italian as Le origini del genocidio nazista: dall\'eutanasia alla soluzione finale (Editori Riuniti, 1997) and in German as Der Weg zum NS-Genozid: Von der Euthanasie zur Endlösung (Berlin Verlag, 1997). It also appeared in Chinese translation.